Naturalization, women & New York
I saw your latest post today and I have been trying to find more info on my father-in-law's great Grandmother, Clara ERICKSEN. I haven't been able to find her on any passenger lists or at Castle Garden. On the census records we have found for her she either came over in 1882, or 1884, and she was naturalized in 1887, again according to the census records. I haven't been able to find anything on her, other than her death record, and her appearance on the census records. 1900-1930. We haven't seen her death certificate yet, even though I keep asking my in-laws to order it.
Anyway, my biggest question is, could she have come to the US as Clara ERICKSDOTTIR and changed her name to ERICKSEN? Ericksen is the name on her son's birth certificate. And if she married in 1887, would that make her naturalization go through any faster?
Obviously, she isn't on an 1880 census and the 1890 census records are gone. I haven't been able to find her on the 1890 directories or the New York Police Census for 1890. - Thanks for any suggestions.
Clara may indeed have chosen to change Ericksdottir to the more generic Ericksen. Alternately, a passenger arrival record may have merely included her with her brothers, and assumed her last name was the same as theirs.
With regards to naturalization, it is entirely possible that hers was processed with her husband's automatically. I'd check into a summary of the naturalization laws in Christina Schaefer's Guide to Naturalization Records in the United States. If your local public library doesn't have a copy,
consider purchasing the book through the publisher http://www.genealogical.com Format: Hardcover; Size: 6 x 9; Pages: 439 pp; Published: 1997; Reprinted: 2004; ISBN: 0806315326. From the publisher we read:
"State by state, county by county, city by city, the Guide to Naturalization Records identifies all repositories of naturalization records, systematically indicating the types of records held, their dates of coverage, and the location of original and microfilm records. The Guide also pinpoints the whereabouts of federal court records in all National Archives facilities. But perhaps the most unique feature of the Guide to Naturalization Records is that it identifies every single piece of information on naturalizations that is available on microfilm through the National Archives or the Family History Library System, including the call numbers used by each institution. Records that are available on microfilm through other facilities have also been included."
Ol' Myrt here reviewed pages 355-429 from the 2006 edition of The SOURCE: A Guidebook of American Genealogy. This chapter on Immigration Records was written by Loretto Dennis Szucs, FUGA; Kory L. Meyerink, MLS, AG, FUGA; and Marian Smith, Historian with the US Citizenship and Immigration Service, formerly the INS. Pages 400-401 describe women's rights with regards to naturalization. Simplistically, from 10 Feb 1855 until 22 Sept 1922, women
and children "automatically became derivative US citizens when the husband or father naturalized or upon the woman's marriage to the citizen husband."
Note The Source can be ordered through the publisher, http://www.Ancestry.com.
OTHER RESOURCES for New York genealogical studies include:
-- Family History Library's New York Research Outline
It is in this online publication that I discovered there are indeed STATE CENSUS RECORDS for New York: "State censuses have survived for some counties for 1825, 1835, 1845, and 1855 and for most counties for 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, and 1925. Most censuses are in the possession of county clerks and are on microfilm at the Family History Library. There are few indexes, but some 1855 schedules are being indexed. The state archives has a name index to the 1925 census schedules for Albany County. Indexes for the 1892 census have been transferred to the Albany County Hall of Records, 250 South Pearl Street, Albany, NY 12207." Ol' Myrt checked the Family History Library Catalog online at http://www.familysearch.org and found that these are available on microfilm through your local LDS Family History Center.
-- Guzik, Estelle M. Genealogical resources in New York. http://www.jewishgen.org Your ancestor didn't have to be Jewish for you to benefit from Guzik's book of ideas for research
-- Mailing Lists (for the surname) http://www.rootsweb.com
-- Message boards (for surname and locality) http://www.rootsweb.com
-- USGenWeb (particularly New York) http://www.usgenweb.com
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